Listed below are some of the key planning terms as defined in the Elmbridge Borough Council (EBC) Consultation document:
The urban area is all land not contained within the Green Belt.
Green Belt aims to prevent urban sprawl by keeping land permanently open. Its original purpose was to halt the outward and uncontrolled spread of London following the 1920s-1930s building boom as a result of the railway expansion. It also prevents neighbouring towns merging into one another and assists in safeguarding the countryside from encroachment. It is not an environmental policy that seeks to protect biodiversity or landscapes. To see the Green Belt boundaries, use the planning policy map in the ‘my maps’ tab of ‘My neighbourhood tool’ on the EBC website.
Brownfield land is land that has been previously developed. It might be overgrown and look like green space, still has buildings on it or is derelict. This does not include residential gardens.
Greenfield sites have never been developed, they can be found in urban areas and the Green Belt. A park in an urban area for example, would be a greenfield site.
Density is a measure of how intensively land is occupied by built development.
Intensification would be seeking to maximise the number of homes a development site could accommodate with little regard for the existing character of the area across the borough.
Optimisation would be seeking to get the best out of each development site to ensure that schemes for new homes use land efficiently. This includes ensuring that new homes are of the right mix in terms of size and tenure and that the design and scale of new development respects the individual character of an area.
Absolute constraints are designations or status which restrict development, areas like Esher Commons or those with very high flood risk. A map of the Absolute Constraints in Elmbridge can be viewed in the ‘Local Plan Evidence Base’ on the EBC website.
Affordable housing are homes that are for sale or rent including those that meet the Government’s policies on Social and Affordable rent as well as discounted and shared home ownership schemes that are provided for specified eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.
5-Year Housing Land Supply
In very simply terms, a 5-Year Housing Land Supply is the amount of deliverable housing land divided by the local housing need or an up-date to-date housing target for a rolling 5 -year period. National planning policy expects us to have least 5 years’ worth of housing supply.